Sports Injuries

Sports Injuries 2017-11-02T03:55:43+00:00

Tennis

Due to the repetitive nature of the tennis swing as well as the constant acceleration, and change of direction can leave the body susceptible to a variety of injuries. These injuries can occur in all levels of players; however, they can be prevented and rehabilitated in such a way that allows for a pain-free and safe return to the court.

Potential Causes of Tennis Injury:

  • Increased rotational stress on spine
  • Increased force on joints due to poor technique
  • Overuse
  • Muscle Imbalances

Common Tennis Injuries:

  • Wrist Injuries – Wrist injuries can be prevented as they typically occur due to overuse rather than a traumatic incident. By reduce muscles imbalances in the shoulder and forearm, and improving core strength and stability.  Along with this poor swing mechanics can place an unnecessary amount of stress on the wrist resulting in more chronic conditions.  The most common tennis-related wrist injuries are de Quervain’s tendonitis and carpal tunnel syndrome.
  • Elbow Injuries – Tendonitis is one of the most common injuries in any athlete, in tennis specifically it can affect the tendons that attach to the outside of the elbow “tennis elbow”. Repetitive motions, decreased overall range of motion, muscle imbalance, faulty swing mechanics, and incorrect grip and racquet size can all contribute to the development of elbow tendonitis.
  • Shoulder Injuries – The aggressive and forceful nature of the tennis swing requires the muscles of the shoulder to stabilize the shoulder joint throughout its entire range of motion. Common shoulder injuries include rotator cuff strains, tendonitis, tears, and impingement syndrome.
  • Knee Injuries – Repetitive acceleration, change of direction and impact subject the knees to a great deal of stress and wear and tear. These motions can result in ligament sprains, tendonitis, and can contribute to increased joint degeneration. Severe force an unnatural movements at the knee joint can result in torn ligaments, most commonly the ACL and/or MCL.
  • Ankle Injuries – Frequent change in direction at high speeds during the game of tennis increases the risk of sustaining an ankle sprain. Most commonly the ligaments on the outside of the ankle are injured as the ankle rotates in. While it is rare more severe injuries to the medial ligaments can be damaged and fracture of the tibia or fibula can occur. Factors such as muscle weakness at the ankle or hip, ankle ligament laxity, and/or impaired position sense can all contribute to this type of injury.

How We Can Help:

Precision Care Medical & Sports Performance  highly trained team of medical providers can identify and improve range of motion limitations, muscle imbalances, and incorrect swing mechanics that may be increasing your likelihood of injury or limiting your overall potential.  By re-introducing various strokes (forehand, backhand, overhead, serve) in a controlled and organized fashion via a “Return To Sport Program” we aim to prevent further injury and reduce your time away from tennis.

Golf

Golf is a unique sport where concentration, consistency and control impact every swing. Although golf is commonly thought of as a low impact sport the explosive, and rotational components of a golf swing can place a tremendous amount of stress on a body.  As a result of this both acute and chronic injuries can occur

Potential Causes of Golf Injury

  • Increased rotational stress on the spine
  • Poor Swing mechanics
  • Over/underutilization of joints
  • Muscle imbalance

Common Golf Injuries:

  • Back Pain – Increased rotation of the spine while bent over and repetitive motion can place abnormal pressure on the spine and muscles. Back pain in golfers might be mechanical (joint-related), disc-related, arthritis-related, among many other possibilities
  • Elbow Tendonitis – Unlike “tennis elbow”, golfers who experience elbow tendonitis will often feel pain and discomfort near the tendons on the inner aspect of the elbow. “Golfers Elbow” can result from repetitive motions,  decreased overall range of motion, muscle imbalance, faulty swing mechanics,incorrect grip, and poor swing mechanics.
  • Knee Pain – Lumbar, pelvic and hip rotation are critical components of a golf swing; however, these motions transfer rotational stresses into both knees. This repetitive action can result in ligament sprains or muscle strains and can contribute to or aggravate existing arthritis. Extreme force placed on the knee can result in torn ligaments.
  • Rotator Cuff/Shoulder Pain – Injuries to the muscles responsible for stabilizing the shoulder complex can result from traumatic force resulting from a poorly executed golf swing. Common shoulder injuries include rotator cuff strains, tendonitis, tears, impingement syndrome, and glenohumeral instability.
  • Wrist Injuries – Golfers are at a high risk for wrist injuries due to the high velocity of the swing and the impact the wrist endures as the club strikes the ground . The most common golf-related wrist injuries are de Quervain’s tendonitis, ligament sprains, and wrist tendonitis
  • Hip Injuries – The hips are particularly vulnerable to injury due to the great deal of twisting and rotation of the hips and pelvis during the golf swing. As a result, the hips are subjected to rotational and shear forces that can result in injuries similar to those found in the shoulder. These common injuries include arthritis, muscle/ligament strain/sprains, and labral tears.

How We Can Help

Precision Care Medical & Sports Performance highly trained team of medical providers can identify and improve range of motion limitations, muscle imbalances, and incorrect swing mechanics that may be increasing your likelihood of injury or limiting your overall potential. By re-introducing the various shots and swing motions in a controlled and organized fashion via a “Return To Sport Program” we aim to prevent further injury and reduce your time away from the game of golf.

Throwing Injuries

There are thousands of baseball or softball players of all ages experience shoulder or elbow pain at some point during their career. However, many of  these injuries can be prevented with small modifications to their throwing program, and through targeted strengthening to reduce muscle imbalances.

Potential Causes of Baseball and Softball Injury:

  • Incorrect Mechanics
  • Weak Core Muscles
  • Weak Hip and Leg Muscles
  • Overuse
  • Throwing certain pitches at too young of an age

Common Baseball and Softball Injuries:

  • Shoulder Impingement – Increased friction on one of the 4 rotator cuff muscles by another structure of the shoulder complex. This can cause a tendonitis or even a tear of one of the rotator cuff muscles. Common causes include:
  • Dead Arm– General fatigue and pain that is typically located on the outer portion of the shoulder. It is usually defined as dull and deep, along with this the athlete will have an increased feeling of weakness with any activity.  This injury is often caused by overuse and altered throwing mechanics; often this issue will often improve with rest and targeted strengthening of the shoulder complex
  • Ulnar Collateral Ligament Injuries – This ligament is critical in stabilizing the elbow in throwing athletes, chronic overuse can lead to increased pain and tenderness near the inner aspect of the elbow and forearm. This injury is most commonly caused by abnormal forces through the elbow created my poor throwing mechanics and overuse.

How can baseball and softball injuries be prevented:

As an athlete or as a coach the best strategy for avoiding injury is to be able to recognize a problem before it starts. Injuries in a throwing athlete are often caused by poor mechanics, and overuse.  Some of the warning signs for these athletes include:

  • A pitcher rushing through his/her motion.
  • Shortening their follow through
  • Not going through their full range of motion
  • Massaging/shaking arm in between pitches
  • Decreased velocity

How We Can Help

Precision Care Medical & Sports Performance highly trained physical therapists can observe a throwing athlete and determine areas of weakness and/or prevent potential problems that could occur.  Along with this our team will also guide the athlete through the healing process should an injury occur at any point during the athlete’s career to ensure that they are able to return to their sport with a decreased risk for further injury.

Football

Due to the aggressive nature of this sport both chronic and acute injuries are extremely common and unfortunately not all injuries can be prevented.  However, through appropriate strengthening and recovery methods overuse and non-contact such as tendonitis, muscle tears, and many ligament tears can be prevented.

Potential Causes of injury:

  • Muscle imbalance
  • Poor Technique
  • Poor stretching habits
  • Decreased joint stability
  • Altered joint mechanics
  • Decreased conditioning

Common Football Injuries

  • Hamstring strains – Symptoms of a hamstring strain include a sudden sharp pain at the back of the thigh usually whilst sprinting or a fast stretching movement or high kick. Hamstring strains are graded 1, 2 or 3 depending on how bad they are.
  • ACL Injury – Anterior cruciate ligament sprains are common in contact sports and those involving a sudden change of direction. Often an ACL injury will occur in combination with injury to other structures in the knee joint and require immediate first aid.
  • Knee Ligament Injuries – Knee ligament injuries are relatively common within American Football. There are two most common knee ligament injuries. An MCL sprain is a tear to the medial ligament on the inside of the knee. A lateral ligament sprain is a knee ligament injury involving a tear to the ligament on the outside of the knee and is most likely following a direct blow to the inside of the knee.
  • Rotator Cuff Strains – Rotator cuff strains are a common injury within American Football. A rotator cuff strain is a tear to any of the four rotator cuff muscles in the shoulder. These muscles are important for stabilizing the shoulder joint. Symptoms of a torn rotator cuff will usually consist of sudden pain in the shoulder sometimes accompanied by a tearing feeling. This can be severe and may transmit down into the arm.
  • Ankle Sprain – One of the most common injuries in sport. Symptoms may vary from being very mild to very severe. With a mild sprain the athlete will likely be able to continue with training or competition. A very severe injury could result in hospital treatment and take longer to heal than a broken ankle.
  • Achilles Tendonitis – Achilles Tendonitis is an overuse injury causing pain, inflammation and potential degeneration of the achilles tendon at the back of the ankle. Symptoms can be either acute or chronic. Acute tendonitis is usually more painful and of recent onset. Chronic injuries will have come on gradually and over weeks or may follow an acute injury. Chronic injuries do not necessarily prevent, however they can aggravate the sufferer, causing discomfort and affecting performance.

How We Can Help

Precision Care Medical & Sports Performance highly trained medical team of can identify and improve range of motion limitations, muscle imbalances, and incorrect joint mechanics that may be increasing your likelihood of injury or limiting your overall potential.  Through simple strengthening exercises many non-contact injuries can be prevented by improving joint mechanics and stability throughout the joint’s range of motion.  Along with this our medical team will also guide you through the healing process should an injury occur at any point during the athlete’s career to ensure that they are able to return to their sport with a decreased risk for further injury.

Soccer

Soccer injuries occur predominantly in the legs, although occasionally injuries to the upper body do occur, often through falls or impacts. Soccer injuries may be either acute – where there is one incident that clearly causes the injury, or chronic – where an injury develops over time.

Potential Causes of a Soccer injury:

  • Muscle imbalance
  • Poor Technique
  • Poor stretching habits
  • Decreased joint stability
  • Altered joint mechanics
  • Decreased conditioning

Common Soccer Injuries

  • Hamstring strains – Symptoms of a hamstring strain include a sudden sharp pain at the back of the thigh usually whilst sprinting or a fast stretching movement or high kick. Hamstring strains are graded 1, 2 or 3 depending on how bad they are.
  • ACL Injury – Anterior cruciate ligament sprains are common in contact sports and those involving a sudden change of direction. Often an ACL injury will occur in combination with injury to other structures in the knee joint and require immediate first aid.
  • Knee Ligament Injuries – Knee ligament injuries are relatively common within American Football. There are two most common knee ligament injuries. An MCL sprain is a tear to the medial ligament on the inside of the knee. A lateral ligament sprain is a knee ligament injury involving a tear to the ligament on the outside of the knee and is most likely following a direct blow to the inside of the knee.
  • Ankle Sprain – One of the most common injuries in sport. Symptoms may vary from being very mild to very severe. With a mild sprain the athlete will likely be able to continue with training or competition. A very severe injury could result in hospital treatment and take longer to heal than a broken ankle.
  • Achilles Tendonitis – Achilles Tendonitis is an overuse injury causing pain, inflammation and potential degeneration of the achilles tendon at the back of the ankle. Symptoms can be either acute or chronic. Acute tendonitis is usually more painful and of recent onset. Chronic injuries will have come on gradually and over weeks or may follow an acute injury. Chronic injuries do not necessarily prevent, however they can aggravate the sufferer, causing discomfort and affecting performance.

How We Can Help

Precision Care Medical & Sports Performance highly trained team of medical providers can identify and improve range of motion limitations, muscle imbalances, and incorrect joint mechanics that may be increasing your likelihood of injury or limiting your overall potential.  Through simple strengthening exercises many non-contact injuries can be prevented by improving joint mechanics and stability throughout the joint’s range of motion.  Along with this our team will also guide the athlete through the healing process should an injury occur at any point during the athlete’s career to ensure that they are able to return to their sport with a decreased risk for further injury.

Basketball

This sport can result in wide variety of injuries ranging from finger sprains to back pain to shoulder dislocations.  This is because of the use of the hands, wrists, fingers and arms for throwing, as well as the running, jumping, bounding and changing direction, partial contact and a lack of protective clothing

Potential Causes of Basketball Injury:

  • Muscle imbalance
  • Poor stretching habits
  • Decreased joint stability
  • Altered joint mechanics
  • Decreased conditioning
  • Unforgiving playing surface

Common Basketball Injuries

  • Hamstring strains – Symptoms of a hamstring strain include a sudden sharp pain at the back of the thigh usually whilst sprinting or a fast stretching movement or high kick. Hamstring strains are graded 1, 2 or 3 depending on how bad they are.
  • Knee Ligament Injuries – Knee ligament injuries are relatively common within American Football. There are two most common knee ligament injuries. An MCL sprain is a tear to the medial ligament on the inside of the knee. A lateral ligament sprain is a knee ligament injury involving a tear to the ligament on the outside of the knee and is most likely following a direct blow to the inside of the knee.
  • Ankle Sprain – One of the most common injuries in sport. Symptoms may vary from being very mild to very severe. With a mild sprain the athlete will likely be able to continue with training or competition. A very severe injury could result in hospital treatment and take longer to heal than a broken ankle.
  • Achilles Tendonitis – Achilles Tendonitis is an overuse injury causing pain, inflammation and potential degeneration of the achilles tendon at the back of the ankle. Symptoms can be either acute or chronic. Acute tendonitis is usually more painful and of recent onset. Chronic injuries will have come on gradually and over weeks or may follow an acute injury. Chronic injuries do not necessarily prevent, however they can aggravate the sufferer, causing discomfort and affecting performance.
  • Back Pain – Chronic low back pain is common with those who have played basketball for long periods of time. The unforgiving nature of the basketball court places increased stress on the low back and can potentially lead to chronic low back stiffness, and even degenerative disc disease
  • Finger Sprain – Often occur either from falling, catching the ball, or simply getting you can caught in clothing. While this injury can heal relatively quickly more severe sprain can linger and limit range of motion and grip strength
  • Shoulder Dislocation – Typically occur due to a fall or as a result of a blow from behind when reaching overhead. Shoulder dislocations can progress to a chronic ailment as the shoulder joint become increasingly unstable with every new dislocation

How We Can Help

Precision Care Medical & Sports Performance team of highly trained medical providers can identify and improve range of motion limitations, muscle imbalances, and incorrect joint mechanics that may be increasing your likelihood of injury or limiting your overall potential.  Through simple strengthening exercises many non-contact injuries can be prevented by improving joint mechanics and stability throughout the joint’s range of motion.  Along with this our team will also guide you through the healing process should an injury occur at any point during your career to ensure that you are able to return to playing basketball with a decreased risk for further injury.

Running

Running injuries typically result from overuse, often times minor changes such as different shoes, running on different surfaces, and altering your warm-up and cool down program are all that is needed to prevent chronic leg injuries from occurring.

Potential Causes of Running injury:

  • Muscle imbalance
  • Poor warm-up/cool down habits
  • Decreased joint stability
  • Altered joint mechanics
  • Hip weakness
  • Incorrect shoes/orthotics

Common Running Injuries

  • Ankle Sprain – One of the most common injuries in sport. Symptoms may vary from being very mild to very severe. With a mild sprain the athlete will likely be able to continue with training or competition. A very severe injury could result in hospital treatment and take longer to heal than a broken ankle.
  • Achilles Tendonitis – Achilles Tendonitis is an overuse injury causing pain, inflammation and potential degeneration of the achilles tendon at the back of the ankle. Symptoms can be either acute or chronic. Acute tendonitis is usually more painful and of recent onset. Chronic injuries will have come on gradually and over weeks or may follow an acute injury. Chronic injuries do not necessarily prevent, however they can aggravate the sufferer, causing discomfort and affecting performance.
  • Hamstring strains – Symptoms of a hamstring strain include a sudden sharp pain at the back of the thigh usually whilst sprinting or a fast stretching movement or high kick. Hamstring strains are graded 1, 2 or 3 depending on how bad they are.
  • Shin Splints-Shin splints is the common name often given to pain at the front of the lower leg. Usually symptoms occur at the front inside of the shin bone but can arise from a number of causes.
  • Peroneal Tendonitis– Peroneal tendonitis is inflammation of the peroneal tendons which run behind the lateral malleolus or the bony bit on the outside of the ankle causing and swelling on the outer ankle
  • Calf Strain- A calf strain is a tear of the muscle fibres of the muscles at the back of the lower leg and can range from mild to very severe.Calf injuries usually occur as a result of a sudden pushing off movement or from excessive over-stretching of the calf muscles as demonstrated in jumping activities or during quick changes of direction.
  • Jumper’s Knee-Jumpers knee or patellar tendonitis is an overuse injury that results in pain at the front of the knee, localised at a point towards the bottom of the kneecap. Repetitive strain from too much running or jumping causes inflammation or degeneration of the patella tendon.

How We Can Help

Precision Care Medical & Sports Performance team of highly trained medical providers can identify and improve range of motion limitations, muscle imbalances, and incorrect joint mechanics that may be increasing your likelihood of injury or limiting your overall potential.  Through simple strengthening exercises many non-contact injuries can be prevented by improving joint mechanics and stability throughout the joint’s range of motion.  Along with this our team will also guide you through the healing process should an injury occur at any point during your career to ensure that you are able to return to your sport with a decreased risk for further injury.

Gymnastics

Gymnastics can be an incredibly demanding sport, and as a result of the year round schedule there is very little time for prolonged rest.  As a result of this it is critical that any minor issue that the athlete has is treated before it progresses to a more serious injury. In gymnastics, regression, both physically and mentally, occurs quickly with any loss of training time.

Potential causes of Gymnastic Injury

  • Muscle imbalance
  • Hypermobile joints
  • Decreased joint stability
  • Altered joint mechanics
  • Overtraining

Common Gymnastics Injuries:

  • Labral Tears– in the shoulder may occur from any gymnastic exercise; however rings and bars present the highest risks. A labral tear is characterized by pain in the shoulder that initially resolves but tends to recur with return with any increase in activity. The gymnast may complain of the shoulder “popping” with weight bearing on the hands.
  • Wrist Sprains – In gymnastics, the wrist is subjected to forces that can exceed twice the body weight. The first step in treating wrist pain is to reduce the training volume of the athlete, relieve symptoms, and to participate in only pain-free activities for a period of time.
  • Osgood Schlatter’s Syndrome – is a rupture of the growth plate at the tibial tuberosity. Following an adolescent growth spurt, repeated stress from contraction of the quadriceps is transmitted through the patellar tendon to the immature tibial tuberosity at the top of the shin. The gymnast may complain of very intense knee pain during activities such as running, jumping, squatting, and especially negotiating stairs and during kneeling.
  • Foot and Ankle Injuries – Injuries to the foot and ankle are very common in gymnastics. Acute injuries are usually sprains, which can be minor or more serious. Swelling, bruising and tenderness directly over the bones are signs of a more serious injury. Minor injuries typically have tenderness limited to one side of the joint without significant swelling.
  • Achilles Tendon Injury – Gymnasts can suffer from a variety of injuries to the Achilles tendon located just above the back of the heel, as a result of the repetitive stress of jumping and landing. Achilles tendonitis results in calf soreness that is aggravated with increased activity. Treatment initially consists of stretching, activity modification, calf strengthening, and balance exercises.
  • Herniated Discs – Recurring trauma to the back is the prevailing reason for herniated discs in adolescents. The lumbar segments become misaligned, causing the gel-like center of the disc to bulge outward. This bulging places pressure on the surrounding nerves of the spinal cord and can cause severe numbness, tingling, and even pain.

How We Can Help

Precision Care Medical & Sports Performance team of highly trained medical providers can identify and improve range of motion limitations, muscle imbalances, and incorrect joint mechanics that may be increasing your likelihood of injury or limiting your overall potential.  Through simple strengthening exercises many non-contact injuries can be prevented by improving joint mechanics and stability throughout the joint’s range of motion.  Along with this our medical team will also guide you through the healing process should an injury occur at any point during your career to ensure that you are able to return to gymnastics with a decreased risk for further injury.

Swimming

Swimming is considered a very safe competitive sport, but overuse injuries can occur.Swimmers are typically prone to injuries that affect the upper extremity (particularly the shoulder joint), the knee, lower back, and hip. Common injuries caused by overuse and repetitive strain include, ligament damage, tendonitis, and spine disorders like spondylolisis and herniated discs.

 

Potential causes of Swimming Injury

  • Muscle imbalance
  • Hypermobile joints
  • Decreased joint stability
  • Altered joint mechanics due to increased fatigue
  • Overtraining

Common Swimming Injuries:

  • Rotator Cuff Strains – A rotator cuff strain is a tear to any of the four rotator cuff muscles in the shoulder. These muscles are important for stabilizing the shoulder joint. Symptoms of a torn rotator cuff will usually consist of sudden pain in the shoulder sometimes accompanied by a tearing feeling. This can be severe and may transmit down into the arm.
  • Shoulder Instability– Shoulder instability means that the shoulder joint is too loose and is able to slide around too much in the socket. In some cases, the unstable shoulder actually slips out of the socket. If the shoulder slips completely out of the socket, it has become dislocated. If not treated, instability can lead to arthritis of the shoulder joint.
  • Herniated Discs – Recurring trauma to the back is the prevailing reason for herniated discs in adolescents. The lumbar segments become misaligned, causing the gel-like center of the disc to bulge outward. This bulging places pressure on the surrounding nerves of the spinal cord and can cause severe numbness, tingling, and even pain.
  • Swimmer’s Shoulder– is a general term used to describe a range of painful shoulder overuse injuries that occur in swimmers. Because there are various parts of your shoulder that can be injured from your swimming stroke, your pain can be anything from a local pain near the shoulder joint, to a spreading pain that travels up your shoulder and neck or down into your arm.

How We Can Help

Precision Care Medical & Sports Performance highly trained team consisting of physiatrist, physical therapist, acupuncturist can identify and improve range of motion limitations, muscle imbalances, and incorrect joint mechanics that may be increasing your likelihood of injury or limiting your overall potential.  Through simple strengthening exercises many overuse injuries can be prevented by improving joint mechanics and stability throughout the joint’s range of motion.  Along with this our team will also guide you through the healing process should an injury occur at any point during the athlete’s career to ensure that they are able to return to their sport with a decreased risk for further injury.

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2781 Shell Rd, Suite 101, Brooklyn, NY 11223

MAKE AN APPOINTMENT